Chapter 6
Article 7

Back | Home

Protection of Vulnerable Adults from Financial Exploitation Act.


Section 8-6-170
Short title.

This act shall be known and may be cited as the Protection of Vulnerable Adults from Financial Exploitation Act.

(Act 2016-141, § 1.)

Top | Back | Home Page


Section 8-6-171
Definitions.

In this act, unless the context otherwise requires, the following words and terms shall have the following meanings:

(1) AGENT. The same meaning as in subdivision (2) of Section 8-6-2 of the Code of Alabama 1975.

(2) BROKER-DEALER. The same meaning as in subdivision (3) of Section 8-6-2 of the Code of Alabama 1975.

(3) COMMISSION. The Alabama Securities Commission.

(4) DEPARTMENT. The Department of Human Resources.

(5) FINANCIAL EXPLOITATION. Any of the following:

a. The wrongful or unauthorized taking, withholding, appropriation, or use of money, assets, or property of a vulnerable adult.

b. Any act or omission taken by a person, including through the use of a power of attorney, guardianship, or conservatorship of a vulnerable adult, to either of the following:

1. Obtain control through deception, intimidation, or undue influence over the vulnerable adult’s money, assets, or property to deprive the vulnerable adult of the ownership, use, benefit, or possession of his or her money, assets, or property.

2. Convert money, assets, or property of the vulnerable adult to deprive the vulnerable adult of the ownership, use, benefit, or possession of his or her money, assets, or property.

(6) INVESTMENT ADVISER. The same meaning as in subdivision (18) of Section 8-6-2 of the Code of Alabama 1975.

(7) INVESTMENT ADVISER REPRESENTATIVE. The same meaning as in subdivision (19) of Section 8-6-2 of the Code of Alabama 1975.

(8) QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL. Any agent, investment adviser representative, or person who serves in a supervisory, compliance, legal, or associated member capacity of a broker-dealer or investment adviser.

(9) REASONABLY ASSOCIATED INDIVIDUAL or ASSOCIATED MEMBER. An individual known to the investment adviser representative, broker-dealer, or firm who is reasonably associated with the account.

(10) VULNERABLE ADULT. Any of the following:

a. A person 65 years of age or older.

b. A protected person included and defined in Chapter 9, Title 38 of the Code of Alabama 1975.

(Act 2016-141, § 2.)

Top | Back | Home Page


Section 8-6-172
Notification of department and commission -- Disclosure of information.

If a qualified individual reasonably believes that financial exploitation of a vulnerable adult may have occurred, may have been attempted, or is being attempted, the qualified individual shall promptly notify the department and the commission.

(Act 2016-141, § 3.)

Top | Back | Home Page


Section 8-6-173
Notification of department and commission -- Liability.

A qualified individual that in good faith and exercising reasonable care makes a disclosure of information pursuant to Section 3 shall be immune from administrative or civil liability that might otherwise arise from such disclosure or for any failure to notify.

(Act 2016-141, § 4.)

Top | Back | Home Page


Section 8-6-174
Notification of certain third parties -- Disclosure of information.

If a qualified individual reasonably believes that financial exploitation of a vulnerable adult may have occurred, may have been attempted, or is being attempted, the qualified individual may notify a reasonably associated individual, legal guardian, any third party previously designated by the vulnerable adult, conservator, co-trustee, successor trustee, or agent under a power of attorney of the vulnerable adult of such belief. Disclosure may not be made to a designated third party that is suspected of financial exploitation or other abuse of the vulnerable adult.

(Act 2016-141, § 5.)

Top | Back | Home Page


Section 8-6-175
Notification of certain third parties -- Liability.

A qualified individual that, in good faith and exercising reasonable care, complies with Section 5 shall be immune from any administrative or civil liability that might otherwise arise from such disclosure.

(Act 2016-141, § 6.)

Top | Back | Home Page


Section 8-6-176
Delay of disbursement -- Authorized.

(a) A broker-dealer or investment adviser may delay a disbursement from an account of a vulnerable adult or an account on which a vulnerable adult is a beneficiary if:

(1) The broker-dealer, investment adviser, or qualified individual reasonably believes, after initiating an internal review of the requested disbursement and the suspected financial exploitation, that the requested disbursement may result in financial exploitation of a vulnerable adult; and

(2) The broker-dealer or investment adviser:

a. Immediately, but in no event more than two business days after the requested disbursement, provides written notification of the delay and the reason for the delay to all parties authorized to transact business on the account, unless any such party is reasonably believed to have engaged in suspected or attempted financial exploitation of the vulnerable adult;

b. Immediately, but in no event more than two business days after the requested disbursement, notifies the department and commission; and

c. Continues its internal review of the suspected or attempted financial exploitation of the vulnerable adult, as necessary, and reports any additional results of the investigation to the department and commission within seven business days after the requested disbursement.

(b) Any delay of a disbursement as authorized by this section expires upon the sooner of:

(1) A determination by the broker-dealer or investment adviser that the disbursement will not result in financial exploitation of the vulnerable adult.

(2) Fifteen business days after the date on which the broker-dealer or investment adviser first delayed disbursement of the funds, unless either the department or the commission requests that the broker-dealer or investment adviser extend the delay, in which case the delay shall expire no more than 25 business days after the date on which the broker-dealer or investment adviser first delayed disbursement of the funds unless sooner terminated by either the department or commission or an order of a court of competent jurisdiction.

(c) A court of competent jurisdiction may enter an order extending the delay of the disbursement of funds or may order other protective relief based on the petition of the commission, department, broker-dealer, or investment adviser that initiated the delay under this section, or other interested party.

(Act 2016-141, § 7.)

Top | Back | Home Page


Section 8-6-177
Delay of disbursement -- Liability.

A broker-dealer or investment adviser that, in good faith and exercising reasonable care, complies with Section 7 shall be immune from any administrative or civil liability that might otherwise arise from such delay in a disbursement in accordance with this section.


(Act 2016-141, § 8.)

Top | Back | Home Page


Section 8-6-178
Access to and availability of records.

A broker-dealer or investment adviser shall provide access to or copies of records that are relevant to the suspected or attempted financial exploitation of a vulnerable adult to agencies charged with administering state adult protective services laws and to law enforcement, either as part of a referral to the agency or to law enforcement, or upon request of the agency or law enforcement pursuant to an investigation. The records may include historical records as well as records relating to the most recent transaction or transactions that may comprise financial exploitation of a vulnerable adult. All records made available to agencies under this section are not a public record as defined in any state public records law. Nothing in this section shall limit or otherwise impede the authority of the commission to access or examine the books and records of broker-dealers and investment advisers as otherwise provided by law.


(Act 2016-141, § 9.)

Top | Back | Home Page


Section 8-6-179
Rulemaking authority.

The Securities Commission, from time to time, may make, amend, and rescind such rules pursuant to the Alabama Administrative Procedure Act and prescribe such forms as are necessary and desirable to carry out the provisions of this act. No rules or forms may be made or prescribed unless the commission finds that the action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of vulnerable adults and those protected under the act and consistent with the purposes fairly intended by the policy and provisions of this act. In prescribing rules and forms, the commission may cooperate with the securities administrators and adult protective services agencies of the other states and the United States Securities and Exchange Commission and FINRA with a view to effectuating the policy of this act to achieve general uniformity in the application of the act wherever practicable.


(Act 2016-141, § 10.)

Top | Back | Home Page



Back | Home